SGLT-2 inhibitors, when administered to patients with type 2 diabetes, result in an improved glycemic control, which is attributable to the agent’s glucoretic effect, in addition to weight loss and reduced blood pressure. A huge number of controlled studies have demonstrated these effects for empagliflozin (Jardiance®). Moreover, the EMPA-REG OUTCOME TRIAL has also evidenced a clear cardiovascular and renal benefit for Jardiance®. This agent, indeed, reduces the risk of total and cardiovascular mortality respectively by 32% and 38%, and the risk of hospitalization for heart failure by 35%. The risk of nephropathy (incident or deterioration of a preexisting disease) is also reduced by 39%.
The aim of this paper is to propose a state of the art in the field and to discuss the place of Jardiance® in clinical practice, based on scientific data.
Type 2 diabetes, empagliflozin, cardiovascular disease, nephropathy, treatment