Usefulness of S100β protein for managing minor head trauma in the emergency service

Flore Tuyumbu MD (1), Andréa Penaloza MD, PhD (2), Said Hachimi-Idrissi MD, PhD (3) Published in the journal : June 2018 Category : Emergency

Over the last decades, the use of biomarkers in emergency medicine has considerably increased. While the P S100β protein has been considered as a neurological prognostic factor following cardiac arrest or stroke occurrence, it is principally in the minor head trauma management that the P S100β seems to be of interest. Studies have highlighted its usefulness for excluding neurological lesions, without performing brain computed tomography (CT), and this, with a good sensitivity close to 100% (CI: 50 to 100%). The P S100β analysis could be particularly helpful for clinicians in cases where the patient's neurological examination proves unreliable.

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Intranasal drug delivery in emergency medicine

J.-M. Jacques Published in the journal : April 2016 Category : Emergency

Whereas intranasal (IN) drug delivery has been used for many years, this administration route has not gained much interest in Belgium. IN drug delivery is painless, easy, and quick, thus proving attractive in emergency settings, especially in pediatric patients. While achieving an efficacy comparable to that of intravenous administration, the IN route is an interesting new alternative for emergency doctors, who can use it to induce opioid analgesia, reach optimal procedural sedation with midazolam, stop epileptic seizures with benzodiazepines, or antagonize morphine overdosage with naloxone.

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