Pharmacological treatment of motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease

Eric Mormont Published in the journal : September 2020 Category : Neurology

Summary :

This article presents the different pharmacological classes and therapeutic strategies employed at the different stages of Parkinson's disease. To date, only symptomatic treatments exist. Levodopa remains the most effective treatment with the best benefit-risk ratio. It is the initial treatment of choice for most patients. In order to delay the onset of motor complications, such as dyskinesia or end-of-dose akinesia, dopamine agonists or monoamine oxidase B inhibitors may be proposed as first-line treatment to young patients with mild disability. Motor fluctuations can be improved by adjusting the levodopa dosing frequency or by adding a dopamine agonist, monoamine oxidase inhibitor, or catechol-O-methyltransferase inhibitor. Disabling dyskinesias can be improved by reducing the levodopa dose or using amantadine. Patients with severe motor complications may benefit from a treatment with Duodopa® or subcutaneous apomorphine.

Key Words

Parkinson, treatment