J.-Fr. Baurain, F. Cornélis, F. Duhoux, Y. Humblet, F. Mazzeo, M. van den Eynde, J.-P. Machiels Published in the journal : February 2016 Category : Oncologie

Summary :

Cancer management has become multidisciplinary, and major advances have been achieved in medical oncology field over the last years. The year 2015 was marked by a change in the treatment strategies for metastatic prostate cancer, with docetaxel-based chemotherapy being now initiated concurrently with castration. This allows for a 10-month increase in median overall survival in these patients, thereby representing a major breakthrough. Last year, a new kind of targeted agent, olaparib, was also granted reimbursement for the treatment of platinumsensitive ovarian cancer. This inhibitor of PARP, a major protein involved in DNA repair, was shown to significantly increase recurrence-free survival in BRCA-mutated ovarian cancer patients. BRCA is a key protein involved in the second DNA repair mechanism. Lastly, the most impressive oncological advance achieved last year pertained to the introduction in daily practice of the anti-PD1 or PDL1 antibodies. Several studies, conducted mostly in melanoma patients, have shown this immunotherapy to be highly effective, with possible cancer cure for some patients. Administering these antibodies is, however, associated with very specific toxicity features, namely autoimmune toxicity that may be severe or even fatal if not recognized and treated early. All these treatments are available at the King Albert II Cancer Institute.

Key words
Cancer, major advances,treatment, chemotherapy, targeted agent, immunotherapy, multidisciplinary