Uretero-arterial fistulas: update and therapeutic advances - Literature review based on two clinical cases

Michel Bailly, Vincent Scavée, Christian Van Ruyssevelt, Olivier Rahier, Jean-Luc Jorion, Emmanuel Dardenne Published in the journal : May 2021 Category : Urology

Uretero-arterial fistulas (UAFs) are the consequence of a chronic inflammatory process that leads to the weakening of ureteral and arterial walls at the crossing level. In recent years, the number of cases described in the literature has continuously increased. Most UAFs are accounted for by the exposure to several typical risk factors. Clinical suspicion is the key for a rapid diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Management of UAFs has evolved over time, being currently based on an endovascular approach. Despite an improvement in diagnostic and therapeutic techniques, morbidity and mortality remain high.

This work, which is based on two clinical cases with different presentation and management, illustrates the heterogeneity of this pathology, which is often barely understood. In addition, the article proposes a review of the current recommendations on the subject.

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2019 innovations in urology

Emilie Delchambre, Marie-Camille Guerin, François Hervé Published in the journal : February 2020 Category : Urology

Patients with lower urinary tract symptoms often report a decrease in quality of life, with a diminished self-confidence leading to social isolation and depression. Their symptoms are related to the dysfunction of the lower urinary tract, including the detrusor or urinary sphincter, and concern the storage, emptying phase, or both.

The year 2019 has been characterized by scientific findings demonstrating the central effect of botulinum toxin after its injection in the detrusor of patients suffering from overactive bladder. New therapeutic targets have also been evaluated. The past year has emphasized the relevant role of psychological comorbidities in non-obstructive voiding disorders, and our treatment armamentarium has thus been improved. Finally, several multidisciplinary guidelines concerning the workout and treatment of nocturia have been established.

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Retroperitoneal lymph nodes revealing a tuberculous epididymitis: a case report

Félix Kwizera (1), Stéphanie Hublet (1), Antoine Bufkens (1), Jean-Pierre Chami (2), Stéphane Rysselinck (1) Published in the journal : January 2017 Category : Urology

Genito-urinary tuberculosis (GUTB) is a severe form of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB). The most commonly affected organs are the epididymis and testis. GUTB diagnosis may prove difficult and is often delayed given that symptoms are non-specific. We have here reported the case of a patient with no history of pulmonary TB, who presented with acute right scrotal pain mimicking an epididymo-orchitis. After failure of antibacterial therapy, we completed the patient's work-up by means of a CT scan that showed progressive retro-peritoneal lymph nodes. Correct diagnosis was made using laparoscopic lymphadenectomy (histology: granulomatous necrotizing lymphadenitis, culture: M. Turberculosis). A tuberculosis treatment was initiated after diagnosis.

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